EVACUATION AND VICTORY


English Command Element made heated discussions and consultations about heavy defeats which were in Conkbayırı on August 10 and in Anafartalar on August 9. Ongoing days even they stormed newly to Anafartalar and Kireçtepe, there wouldn’t be significant progress in the battle which would realisiert in Chersonese.

Hamilton still believes that Turkish people will be expelled from Suvla field which is surrounded by hills. In this context, a new operation was carried out to Kireçtepe. It was a failed campaign in spite of the insistency after this failed assailment and a few campaign which would be realized that organizing campaigns to reach their invasion points wouldn’t be possible , There wasn’t another campaign in Chersonese by September. Meanwhile 5th division came as reinforcement to Turkish unities with 7th and 12th divisions.

Because of defeats in Kireçtepe English Command Element lost lots of things. Without waiting battles’ results, Kitchner dismissed 9.Corps Commander  by a letter which was sent by him to Hamilton on 15 August. The other dismissings will go on after Stanford. Instead of General 29th division Commander was brung by proxy. with Staff Officer Reed ,Stapford left Sulva on August 16th. Mahon ,10th division commander,propound that he is more veteran than Lisle and appealed for mercy for his duty.

The other resignations and dismissals followed them. 53th Division Commander General Lindley resigned by declaring that he would not work with Corps General Lindley on August 17th. 34. Brigade Commander Sitwell was dismissed. After Aspinall clearly declared that these changes was late, he would write that the battle was lost. English unities couldn’t reach their goals in battle which pursued till the end of August with this command element in front. The Allies was failed in spite of the all preparations, and this started to questioning in London.

The other fronts situation wasn’t much pleasant, too. Also Russia didn’t rely on England and France. Beause Russia accepted that England and France were freelanced. Even nobody said that in front, some officers started to think that opportunity of reaching to bosphorus lost and capturing to İstanbul was hopeless dream from now on. Conditions in front started to be hard, too. Diarrhea  grew up, from commander-in-chief to private, everybody was sick. Long and tiring battles with intensive heat, failures which happened sequential with dust and flies demorilized troops. With these troops a new assailment didn’t look possible. London was always indecisive about sending new ones.

After the failures of battles which in August weeks passed but any decision hadn’t been taken yet. England started to worry about winter which was closer and ammunition which would come from Germany. The days which passed without doing anything might distress the situation. When the winter showed its all violence ,neither landing troops nor the vacating of the army which were hundred thousands was able to be done easily. In this case Lord Kitchnerlan asked that if they vacated the army how much lost would be by sending a telegraph to Hamilton on 11 October. After that Hamilton notified that during the vacating half of the unities might be lost by sending telegraph.

Hamilton’s situation was started to be argued from now on. Because there was a failure and it had to have an accauntable person. Çanakkale Committee which met on October 14th dismissed Hamilton and was appointed General Charles Monroe instead. With this appointment it was clear how Çanakkale expedition would be finish. Only issue was when it would happen? General came to Gelibolu Peninsula to see the situation. What he saw would impressed General too much who came to costside. Vulnerable coast, rotten piers, ammunitions and materials which was unearthed gropingly, heavy dust and crowded squareds… All those things affected him about the necessity of the idea of evacuation. General Monroe wanted to lag of boshporus campaign by sending a telegraph to Lord Kitchner, next day after coming back to İmroz Island from Suvla. Monroe expressed his idea about evacuation with his telegraph which he declared that assailment which would attack after that wouldn’t be like a surprise attack, it wouldn’t have a meaning, also cold wheather would prevent being sent of support troops.

General Monroe reminded that contrary effect which on Muslims’ popular opinion of a discharging which made our willing would be less than the effect of disemboguing with a battle which was under the pressure and hard. Monroe’s report was shockingfor Kitchner and caused dissmission from 5th Army Command. Instead of him General Birdword who declared an idea against discharhing was appointed . Lord Kitchner who decided to go to Gallipoli, thought a success possibility in Çanakkale when he was on the way and worked about this situation. Kitchener who arrived at Mondros on November 9th, reconnoitred at the front during 12 days, decided to be discharged of Anzak and Suvla; protected to Seddülbahir on November 22th and gave a report to goverrnment according to this effect.

General Monroe was appointed as all unities command except Egypt. After gaving a duty to Birdwood about staying as Çanakkale Commander for discharging Çanakkale went to England on November 24th . In consequence of all these changes, everbody started to believe that giving a decision immediately about discharging was necessary. Cabinet Council which met on 7 December decided discharging 37 days after first day that Monroe gave his report and on the same day this decision was declared to Monro who was in Mondros by telegraph.

After this step the Allies started to discharge the front secretly. The unities which was in Arıburnu and Suval were the first unities which was started to be discharged. With discharging decision, the unities and all materials were embarked and were transported to Limni every night. All unities which were in Arıburnu and Suvla were emptied on December 20th. Discharging from peninsula’s Seddülbahir region was finished on Janurary 9th, 1916. The enemy left Turkish land completely. Victory belonged to Turkish people.